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From how those treasures have been created, misplaced, and exposed via explorers and scientists, Eyewitness Treasure takes a glance on the big choice of worthwhile gadgets which have been the seeds of greed, conquest, crime, and event over the background of humankind.

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The Spanish-ruled mainland grew to become identified to mariners because the Spanish major, and shortly that time period used to be additionally utilized to the encircling seas and islands. The Spanish shipped again to Europe plunder from the conquered Aztec and Inca empires, in addition to emeralds and silver from the mines of South the USA. As early as 1521, those treasure ships got here below assault from Spain’s enemies, and from pirates. within the 1540s, the Spanish determined to crew their galleons into seriously armed convoys for cover. those fleets sailed two times every year, weighted down with worthwhile cargo—jewelry, gold cash, and bullion. typhoon! In September 1622, a galleon referred to as Nuestra Señora de Atocha (Our woman of Atocha) used to be stuck in a storm off the Florida Keys (now within the US) and pushed onto a coral reef. 5 different ships have been additionally wrecked. They have been a part of a 28-vessel convoy with a shipment of gold, silver, copper, pearls, and emeralds. misplaced and located The damage of Nuestra Señora de Atocha was once misplaced until eventually 1985, while this American treasure looking workforce ultimately positioned the location. even supposing a number of the treasure have been scattered via the currents, the staff recovered a wealthy haul. yet who owned the treasure? the united states executive claimed that it did, yet finally it was once the treasure hunters who gained the felony conflict. Barrel of solid bronze Gun carriage FIREPOWER The task of the galleon Nuestra Señora de Atocha was once to protect the rear of the treasure convoy from assault. there have been greater than eighty troops on board, and the send was once armed with 20 cannon like this one. a number of the unique weapons have been raised from the smash while it was once found. Cannon from Nuestra Señora de Atocha 32 COLOMBIAN EMERALDS millions of emeralds were came across on the Atocha web site, scattered around the ocean flooring. Historians think that this send by myself was once sporting approximately sixty five lb (30 kg) of uncut emeralds. Many others have been already reduce, polished, and fixed in wealthy gold settings. lots of the emeralds got here from the Muzo and Chivor mines in Colombia. those and different mines have been seized by way of the Spanish invaders from 1536 onward. large numbers of fine-quality gem stones have been shipped again to Europe. Emerald ring Emerald and gold pendant decorative falcon Emerald and gold pass SILVER AND extra SILVER those attractive silver containers healthy one inside of one other. They have been made in South the United States and engraved with designs within the conventional variety of Incan silversmiths. They shape a part of the treasure recovered from the destroy of Nuestra Señora de Atocha. those 5 have been safe by way of a 6th outer field, which was once broken by way of the pounding of the waves. Emerald and gold triple ring HAIL MARY This little bronze determine of the Virgin Mary with child Jesus was once recovered from the ruin of the Santa Margarita, a sister send of the Atocha, which additionally went down off Florida within the storm of 1622. as well as squaddies and sailors, the treasure fleets carried all types of passengers among Spain and the hot global. They incorporated monks, officers, and nobles. Assay marks could exhibit foundry, serial quantity, purity, and tax paid BARS OF GOLD Ingots have been assayed (officially stamped to substantiate their weight and authenticity) prior to being exported from Spain’s American colonies.

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