Download E-books The Safeguard of the Sea: A Naval History of Britain, Volume 1: 660-1649 PDF

By N. A. M. Rodger

All through Britain's historical past, one issue peculiarly others has made up our minds the destiny of the state: its army. N. A. M. Rodger's definitive account finds how the political and social development of england has been inextricably intertwined with the power - and weak spot - of its sea strength, from the determined early campaigns opposed to the Vikings to the defeat of the nice Spanish Armada.

Covering coverage, procedure, ships, recruitment and guns, this can be a remarkable tapestry of approximately 1,000 years of maritime heritage. No different historian has tested the topic in something just like the element came upon right here. the result's an excellent instance of narrative history' Barry Unsworth, Sunday Telegraph

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34 William's in basic terms ‘naval' successes have been opposed to enemies with few or no ships. The 1071 Ely blockade was once one instance, 35 and through Odo of Bayeux's 1088 uprising William II used to be capable of blockade Pevensey citadel by way of sea and intercept support coming from Normandy. 36 either Williams extensively utilized fleets to supply the basic logistic aid with no which no English military may possibly penetrate into Scotland. In 1072 a large-scale raid penetrated so far as the Tay and compelled King Malcolm to publish briefly, yet he persisted to benefit by means of the weak spot and sickness of Norman England. by means of 1080 Cumbria was once misplaced to England, Northumberland disputed, and the powerful frontier was once at the Tyne. 37 In 1091 William II fastened one other day trip, yet he began overdue, the various ships have been wrecked in a September gale, and as a average outcome a few of the cavalrymen, we're informed, died of chilly and starvation. ultimately the military reached the Forth and obliged Malcolm to make one other tactical submission, however the simply lasting English achieve was once the reconquest of Cumberland the next 12 months. 38 If William I had put any worth on sea strength, he may need integrated it into the feudal approach. there has been no intrinsic it is because feudal tasks wouldn't have been discharged through naval carrier; they have been in Norman Sicily, 39 in all likelihood in Normandy itself, forty and whilst feudalism was once followed in Scotland it simply assumed the galley-service of the Western Isles. forty-one a bit sea provider used to be actually played lower than feudal tenure in England, forty two and extra might have been. additionally the Norman kings have been filthy rich and hired a considerable paid military, forty three yet they didn't spend their funds on warships. in the event that they didn't supply for a naval element of their new army method, it used to be from selection instead of necessity. What that they had to establish used to be a royal ferry provider to hold the king and his courtroom to and from Normandy. This royal delivery carrier operated from Southampton, with sailings occasionally from Portchester or Bosham, to Barfleur and different Norman ports. forty four William I most likely crossed the Channel seventeen occasions among 1066 and 1087, William II 5 instances among 1096 and 1100, Henry I 16 instances among 1106 and 1135. we all know of approximately fifty royal crossings within the 80 years after the Conquest, along with others via messengers and significant dignitaries. forty five among 1154 and 1189, in accordance with the chroniclers, Henry II crossed the Channel definitely twenty-six, and doubtless twenty-eight instances. 4 of those crossings have been at the Dover – Wissant course, whilst the king had get together to go to Flanders, and one (in January 1188) used to be from Dieppe to Winchelsea. the entire others have been among Southampton or Portchester and Barfleur, Cherbourg, or one other of the Côtentin ports. forty six within the past due 12th century a small workforce of Southampton shipmasters and vendors like Ralph Calf (Vitulus), Samson Wascelin, William son of Stephen Mariner, Herbert Geldewin, Ralph Testard, Osbert Brochard and Berengar of Hampton47 on a regular basis supplemented the king's esnecca, or supplied her with an escort whilst she carried treasure.

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