Download E-books The History of Rome, Volume 1 (Cambridge Library Collection - Classics) PDF

By Theodor Mommsen

The classical historian Theodor Mommsen (1817-1903) released his background of Rome among 1854 and 1856. His paintings used to be got with common acclaim through the scholarly group and the studying public. In 1902, in acceptance of this enormous paintings, Mommsen was once provided the Nobel Prize for Literature and acclaimed as 'the maximum dwelling grasp of the artwork of ancient writing'. Mommsen rejected conventional Enlightenment debts, which glorified historical Rome; as a substitute, guided by way of a brand new and rigorous feedback of assets, he started the demythologisation of Roman heritage. In a vivacious and interesting sort, utilizing sleek phrases to precise classical rules, Mommsen drew daring parallels among the 19th century and classical Rome. quantity 1 starts off with Rome's earliest origins and ends with the unification of Italy; it comprises separate chapters on faith, legislations and justice, artwork, and writing. This 1862 translation is predicated at the German 3rd variation (1861).

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Nowhere, probably, does the eminently shut courting of the Hellenes and Italians come to gentle so in actual fact as the following ; and but in no different path did the 2 international locations happen better divergence as they turned constructed. the learning of minor remained in Latium strictly restrained to the slender limits of a family schooling ; in Greece, the craving after a diverse but harmonious education of brain and physique created the sciences of Gymnastics and Paideia, which have been fostered by means of the kingdom and by means of participants as their maximum reliable. Latium, within the poverty of its creative improvement, stands virtually on a degree with uncivilized peoples. Hellas constructed with excellent rapidity, out of its spiritual conceptions, the ,myth and the worshipped idol, and out of those that marvellous international of poetry and sculpture, the like of which background has now not back to teach. In Latium no different affects have been strong in private and non-private lifestyles yet prudence, riches, and energy ; it used to be reserved for the Hellenes to think the happy ascendancy of attractiveness, to minister to the reasonable boy-friend with an enthusiasm part sensuous, part excellent, and to reanimate their misplaced braveness with the warsongs of the divine singer. therefore the 2 international locations, during which the civilization of antiquity culminated, stand part via aspect as diverse in improvement as they have been in starting place exact. The issues within which the Hellenes excel the Italians are extra universally intelligible, and replicate a extra fantastic lustre ; however the deep feeling in each one individnal that he was once just a a part of the neighborhood, an extraordinary devotedness and tool of self-sacrifice for the typical weal, an earnest religion in its personal gods, shaped the wealthy treasure of the Italian country. either countries got a one-sided, and for this reason each one a whole, improvement; it's only a pitiful narrow-mindedness that would item to the Athenian, that he didn't understand how to mildew his country just like the Fabii and the Talerii; or to the Eoman, that he didn't discover ways to carve like Phidias and to put in writing like Aristophanes. It was once in truth the main bizarre and the simplest function within the personality of the Greek humans, which rendered it most unlikely for them to boost from nationwide to political harmony with out even as replacing their'polity for despotism. definitely the right global of attractiveness used to be all in all to the Greeks, and compensated them to a point for what they sought after actually. at any place in Hellas an inclination in the direction of nationwide Chap. II. ] INTO ITALY. 31 union seemed, it was once dependent, no longer on affects at once political, yet on video games and artwork: the contests at Olympia, the poems of Homer, the tragedies of Euripides, have been the single bonds that held Hellas jointly. Resolutely, nonetheless, the Italian surrendered his personal own will for the sake of freedom, and realized to obey his father that he could understand how to obey the nation. In such subjection as this person improvement may be marred, and the germs of fairest promise in guy may be arrested within the bud; the Italian received as an alternative a sense of place of birth and of patriotism comparable to the Greek by no means knew, and by myself between all of the civilized international locations of antiquity, succeeded in figuring out nationwide harmony in reference to a structure in accordance with self-government—a nationwide cohesion, which ultimately put in his palms the supremacy, not just over the divided Hellenic inventory, yet over the complete recognized global.

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