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Early Christian apocryphal and conical files current us with ugly pictures of the human physique, frequently combining the playful and funny with the repulsive, and nervous. First to 3rd century Christian literature used to be formed via the discourse round and imagery of the human physique. This research analyses how the iconography of physically cruelty and visceral morality was once produced and sophisticated from the very begin of Christian heritage. The assets diversity throughout Greek comedy, Roman and Jewish demonology, and metamorphosis traditions. The learn unearths how those photos originated, have been followed, and have been formed to the provider of a doctrinally and psychologically persuasive Christian message.
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Extra resources for The Grotesque Body in Early Christian Discourse: Hell, Scatology and Metamorphosis (BibleWorld)
E. g. , V. Burrus, Chastity as Autonomy: girls within the tales of Apocryphal Acts (Lewiston, big apple: Edwin Mellen Press, 1987); J. N. Bremmer, in idem (ed. ), “Women within the Apocryphal Acts of John,” within the Apocryphal Acts of John (Studies within the Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles, 1; Kampen: Kok Pharos, 1995), pp. 37–56; idem, “Magic, Martyrdom and Women’s Liberation within the Acts of Paul and Thecla,” in idem (ed. ), The Apocryphal Acts of Paul and Thecla (Studies at the Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles, 2; Kampen: Kok Pharos, 1996), pp. 36–59; M. W. Misset-van de Weg, “A filthy rich girl Named Trypaena: Patroness of Thecla of Iconium,” in Bremmer (ed. ), The Apocryphal Acts of Paul and Thecla, pp. 16–35; J. N. Bremmer, “Aspects of the Acts of Peter: girls, Magic, position and Date,” in idem (ed. ), Apocryphal Acts of Peter: Magic, Miracles, and Gnosticism (Studies at the Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles, three; Louvain: Peeters, 1998), pp. 1–20; M. W. Misset-van de Weg, “For the Lord constantly looks after His personal: the aim of the Wondrous Works and Deeds within the Acts of Peter,” in Bremmer (ed. ), The Apocryphal Acts of Peter, pp. 97–110. nine. Cf. M. LaFargue, Language and Gnosis: the hole Scenes of the Acts of Thomas (Harvard Dissertations in faith, 18; Philadelphia: castle Press, 1985); I. Czachesz, fee Narratives: A Comparative learn of the Canonical and Apocryphal Acts (Studies on Early Christian Apocrypha, eight; Leuven; Dudley, MA: Peeters, 2007), pp. 123–39. 10. Cf. Bornkamm, Mythos und Legende, pp. 26–33. Bornkamm interpreted the ATh within the framework of Gnosticism: “Die Anschauungen vom Erlöser und von der Erlösung innerhalb der Akten bewegen sich ganz im Rahmen des gnostischen Erlösermythos” (p. 8). different Gnostic interpretations of the textual content contain T. Nöldeke, “Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles, Edited from Syriac Manuscripts of the British Museum and different Libraries by means of W. Wright,” Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländische Gesellschaft 25 (1871), pp. 670–79; H. Jonas, Gnosis und spätantiker Geist, vol. 1 (Forschungen zur faith und Literatur des Alten und Neuen Testaments, fifty one; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1934); G. Widengren, the good Vohu Manah and the Apostle of God: reviews in Iranian and Manichaean faith (Uppsala and Leipzig: A. -B. Lundequistska bokhandeln and O. Harrassowitz, 1945); E. Plümacher, “Apokryphe Apostelakten,” in H. Gärtner (ed. ), Paulys Realencyclopädie der classicschen Altertumswissenschaft, Supplement-Band 15 (Stuttgart: J. B. Metzler, 1978), pp. 11–70 (34–43). For non-Gnostic interpretations, see A. F. J. Klijn, The Acts of Thomas: advent, textual content, statement (Supplements to Novum Testamentum, five; Leiden: Brill, 1962); H. J. W. Drijvers, “The Acts of Thomas,” in Schneemelcher and Wilson (eds), New testomony Apocrypha, vol. II, pp. 322–411. G. P. Luttikhuizen, “The Hymn of Judas Thomas, the Apostle, within the nation of the Indians (ATh 108–113),” in Bremmer (ed. ), The Apocryphal Acts of Thomas, pp. 101–14 (105), quite known as cognizance to the confident function of the serpent in Gnostic mythology.