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This can be the 1st distinctive research of the destiny of Lucretius' De rerum natura from its beginnings within the 50s BC right down to the construction of our earliest extant manuscripts throughout the Carolingian age. a close research of the information of Lucretius' poem between writers in the course of the Roman, and accordingly the medieval, worlds permits clean perception into the work's readership and reception, and an review of the price of the oblique culture for modifying the poem. the 1st prolonged research of the one hundred seventy+ topic headings (capitula) that intersperse the textual content finds the shut engagement of Roman readers. A clean inspection and assignation of marginal fingers within the poem's most crucial manuscript presents new proof concerning the paintings of Carolingian correctors and the foundation for a brand new Lucretian stemma codicum. additional explanation of the interrelationship of Renaissance manuscripts of Lucretius offers extra proof of the poem's reception in fifteenth-century Italy.
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Additional resources for The Early Textual History of Lucretius' De rerum natura (Cambridge Classical Studies)
837); this element escaped Forbiger (1824, 81), who taken care of the previous as a misplaced fragment of Lucretius. We can also evaluate the opposite blunders of Lucanus for Lucretius at Seru. advert. Verg. Geo. III. 481; for confusion of different names starting Luc. , see lower than at n. 168. 108 The so-called fragments of Lucretius even if Broughton believed that the 2 phrases are a fraction taken from a misplaced Lucanian paintings, I fairly believe that his oblimat at Bellum ciuile VI. 364 (of ‘covering’ islands with dust) served because the foundation for the reference. then again, it really is attainable that Lucilius as soon as hired the verb, was once duly stated and, as a casualty of the ubiquitous chance of scribal errors, his identify used to be banalised into Lucretius (cf. n. 168 below). 164 Fr. VII Seru. advert Verg. Aen. XII. 419: panaceam] genus herbae; sciendum tamen Lucretium panaceam ubique salem dicere, unde possumus et hoc loco salem intellegere; nam omnem pellit dolorem. the character of this testimonium renders uncertain in what case(s) Lucretius supposedly wrote panacea in plural cases. a hundred sixty five within the direct culture, the single cognate kind of panacea happens at IV. 123–4: odorem j expirant acrem, panaces absinthia taetra, the place panaces, ‘prunella’ or ‘selfheal’, is perhaps masculine plural (of panaces/panax). 166 even though this passage can have encouraged Virgil to exploit odoriferam panaceam (Aen. XII. 419), there isn't any proof that Lucretius ever wrote panacea. in addition, using ubique in Servius’ observe might call for plural (i. e. a minimum of 3? ) situations of its employment for sal. 167 the chance that every one such passages the place Lucretius so hired the observe have 164 one hundred sixty five 166 167 Thilo (1887 advert loc. ) prompt that Lucretius may be the corruption of the identify of a Virgilian pupil yet provided no advice. We may perhaps reject the prospect that the fragment is as an alternative the 3 phrases panaceam ubique salem. one of these word might simply experiment in dactylic metres if the ﬁnal syllable of panaceam used to be in prosodic hiatus, a licence unattested in Lucretius with phrases finishing in -m. Pizzani (1959a, 114–15), who implausibly idea that each one 3 phrases stood within the lacuna after IV. 126, neglected the metrical challenge. If, although, panacea used to be written with a Greek termination (panacean, as ﬁrst steered by way of Marx (1904–5, advert Lucil. 1367 M)), the metre can be dactylic. in spite of the fact that, Servius’ next phrases (unde . . . intellegere) sincerely deal with panacea and sal as identical, which demonstrates that he didn't envisage a three-word fragment. The Greeks hired ἡ πανάκεια, ὁ πάναξ and τὸ πάνακες. Bailey (ad loc. ) asserted that it truly is neuter at the foundation of Pliny the Elder’s a number of neuter singular citations of the be aware, yet, along absinthia, the plural turns out the simpler interpretation. Servius used ubique nearly 100 instances, regularly relating a common, or nearly common, prevalence. 109 The oblique culture of Lucretius been misplaced in lacunae is so slender that we will appropriately reject the Lucretian institutions of this testimonium. To what writer, then, did Servius refer?