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By Roland Barthes

Preface by way of Richard Howard. Translated via Richard Miller. this can be Barthes's scrupulous literary research of Balzac's brief tale "Sarrasine."

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As we've seen, this amp isn't really considered one of organic intercourse, yet of castration. Now, ~ther Marianina nor Filippo have the features of cas. tors. Then what symbolic objective do they serve? This one: W female, brother and sister create a female progeny :Iar Mme de Lanty (their maternal atavism is emphasized); in r 37 ......... , . I.. ZrImbinell4 (whose niece Mme de Lanty it): ~ aiIt to include one of those explosion of Zambinellan ( _ . - ยท-'tt. The which means is as follows: if l. a. Zambinella had ... c:IaiIckm (a paradox indicative of the deficiency which _ _ her what she is), they'd were those hereditarily :md delicately female creatures, Marianina and Filippo: as if in l. a. Zambinella there have been a dream of normality, a teleological essence from which the castrato were excluded, and this essence used to be femininity itself, a realm and posterity reconstituted in Marianina and Filippo above the clean of castration. (23) The betlUty, the fonuM, the wit, the chttnns of those childrens. Cdme lIOlely from their rnotMr. * what's the resource of the Lanty fortune? To this enigma 2, there's now a solution: the countess, the girl. hence, acoording to the henneneutic code, there's a answer (partial, at least), a scrap of a solution. but in truth submerged in a listing whose parataxis sweeps it alongside, hides it, holds it again. and 6nally doesn't demonstrate it in any respect: hence there's a deroy, a snare, a disadvantage (or a hold up) within the fixing. we'll caU this mix of fact and snare, this useless fixing, an equivoctttion (HER. Enigma 2: equivocation). (SYM. Replication of our bodies) (the our bodies of the youngsters replica their mother's). ** (2i) The count number die IAnty WdB B1JIIIll, gruesome, and poc1c-rrIIIT1ced; dttr1c d 5pttnidrd, boring dB d banker. although, he WCIB tdlten to be d deep politicitm, perh4pB bectIUIe he rmely 1. tDJghed, dnd WdS tIlways quoting Mettemich or Wellington. REF. Psychology of peoples and Monsieur de Lanty's position is professions (Spaniard, banker). small; as a banker, host of the get together, he hyperlinks the tale to the parable of Parisian excessive Finance. His functionality is symbolic: his deprecatory portrait excludes him from the history of los angeles Zambinella (from femininity); he's a negligible, misplaced father, and joins the discarded males of the tale, aU castrated, bring to an end from excitement; he is helping 611 out the paradigm CtJStrttting/ CdBtrdted (SYM. Axis of castration). dB * ** 38 (25) This mysterious {dmily had the entire ap/Jedl of 1 of Lord Byron's poems, whose problems eoch individual within the trendy global interpreted another way: an vague and elegant tune in each stropM. REF. Literature (Byron). HER. Enigma three: subject matter and thought ("this mysterious family"). *** The kinfolk, out of the Byronic ebook, is itself a booklet, set forth strophe by means of strophe: the lifelike writer spends his time referring again to books: fact is what has been written (SYM. Replication of bodies). ** * (26) Til. reserve rnainttlined by way of M. and Mme de ! Anty approximately their starting place, their prior existence, and their reldtionship with til.

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