Download E-books Reconfigurable Field Programmable Gate Arrays for Mission-Critical Applications PDF

By Niccolò Battezzati, Luca Sterpone, Massimo Violante

Embedded platforms functions which are both project or safety-critical often entail low- to mid- creation volumes, require the speedy improvement of particular projects, that are generally computing extensive, and are expense bounded. The adoption of re-configurable FPGAs in such software domain names is limited to the supply of compatible strategies to assure the dependability specifications entailed by means of severe functions. This booklet describes the demanding situations confronted via designers while imposing a project- or safety-critical program utilizing re-configurable FPGAs and it info quite a few ideas to beat those demanding situations. as well as an summary of the most important strategies of re-configurable FPGAs, it presents a theoretical description of the failure modes which could reason improper operation of re-configurable FPGA-based digital structures. It additionally outlines research concepts that may be used to forecast such disasters and covers the idea in the back of strategies to mitigate fault results. This publication additionally stories present applied sciences on hand for construction re-configurable FPGAs, particularly SRAM-based know-how and Flash-based know-how. for every expertise brought, theoretical thoughts offered are utilized to genuine circumstances. layout thoughts and instruments are awarded to increase severe purposes utilizing advertisement, off-the-shelf units, reminiscent of Xilinx Virtex FPGAs, and Actel ProASIC FPGAs. substitute suggestions according to radiation hardened FPGAs, akin to Xilinx SIRF and Atmel ATF280 also are awarded. This publication is a useful reference for a person attracted to figuring out the applied sciences of re-configurable FPGAs, in addition to designers constructing severe purposes in keeping with those applied sciences.

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182 five. three Radiation-Hardened Re-programmable FPGAs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184 five. three. 1 Atmel ATF280 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186 Contents vii 6 placing Mitigation suggestions at paintings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187 6. 1 Mitigation recommendations for SRAM-Based units: The Xilinx Virtex Case research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187 6. 1. 1 unmarried occasion Upsets attention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187 6. 1. 2 a number of phone Upsets concerns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 6. 2 Mitigation recommendations for Flash-Based units: The Actel ProASIC3 Case examine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 6. 2. 1 unmarried occasion temporary Characterization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 6. 2. 2 unmarried occasion brief Mitigation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204 7 System-Level concerns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205 7. 1 advent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205 7. 2 the objective Radioactive surroundings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 7. three The impression of the objective Radioactive setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 208 7. four The influence of the objective program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 7. five System-Level concerns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212 eight Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213 topic Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217 Chapter 1 creation Field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) play a big position in increasingly more functions. initially devised to enforce basic common sense features, FPGAs are at the present time capable of enforce whole platforms on a unmarried chip. the main complex FPGA units because the Xilinx Virtex-7 kinfolk [3] are actually supplying as much as 2 million good judgment cells, sixty five Mb of embedded reminiscence, and a couple of extra positive factors equivalent to high-performance mathematics services and high-speed input/output modules. along with the source availability, FPGAs supply to designers extra beneficial properties that can't be present in application-specific built-in circuits (ASICs). through exploiting FPGAs, designers can focus all their efforts within the program improvement, letting to another individual, i. e. , the FPGA producer, to house the advanced job of constructing and fabricating a effectively operating silicon machine. In case FPGAs are used, the particular silicon that might enforce the applying is already to be had from the start of the appliance layout. to the contrary, in case of ASICs, the silicon is synthetic purely after software layout and validation were accomplished. for this reason, via exploiting FPGAs, designers can lessen considerably the time to marketplace in their purposes, as software improvement and its silicon implementation are decoupled. additionally, FPGAs are general-purpose silicon that may be personalized by means of designers for enforcing nearly any software: the exact same gadget may be re-used for quite a lot of functions.

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