Download E-books Poststructural Subjects and Feminist Concerns: An Examination of Identity, Agency and Politics in the Works of Foucault, Butler and Kristeva PDF

By Katherine Lowery Cooklin

I deal with the query of even if poststructuralist theories of subjectivity can
accommodate emancipatory politics. I study the versions of subjectivity provided via
Michel Foucault, Judith Butler and Julia Kristeva, and that i evaluation those types in phrases of
their skill to supply a moral and political framework that doesn't perpetuate
oppression, and particularly that are supposed to be followed via feminists. In bankruptcy 1, I argue
that Foucault reduces the topic to a placeholder inside a discursive systemand
forecloses the opportunity of significant organization and emanicpatory politics. simply because
nothing escapes the discursive procedure, Foucault gets rid of the subject’s capability for severe mirrored image, employer and intervention at the structures of oppression. Given
Foucault’s description of energy and of subjugated wisdom, the one promise that
Foucault holds is for overall contestation and relentless transgression. I study the application
of Foucault’s paintings for feminist politics and finish larger substitute will be
sought. In bankruptcy 2, I study the application of Foucault’s paintings for feminist politics, and
offer a critique of a few feminist appropriations of Foucault. In bankruptcy three, I research
Judith Butler’s thought of subjectivity. I argue that, like Foucault, Butler reduces matters
to placeholders inside of an inherently oppressive approach and forecloses the potential of a
subject’s capability for severe mirrored image on that method. all through this bankruptcy I handle
problems for feminist politics. bankruptcy four is a critique of makes an attempt to discover a significant
account of company in Butler’s paintings through recasting her as an existentialist. In bankruptcy five, I
turn to Kristeva’s thought of signification and subjectivity. I argue that Kristeva doesn't
reduce the topic to the discursive method, and that her thought makes it possible for significant
agency. I argue that Kristeva’s conception can be utilized to diagnose social oppression. I express
how Kristeva’s conception can be utilized to diagnose fascist activities and sexism. I argue
that her thought holds promise for a treatment to oppression.

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If so, than she might effectively solution the cost of linguistic determinism. Butler is tough the assumption of the body/materiality as a reliable referent current ahead of that which the linguistic signal refers. Her problem, even if purportedly doesn't bring about the aid of materiality/body to the signal. She needs to exhibit how the 275 Butler. our bodies that topic. p. 30. 177 materiality is still irreducible to the signal given her arguments that the signified is the impression of signification and the impression of the signal. If she argues that the 2 are jointly constitutive, then she could be successful. even though, i'm going to argue that she frequently hotels to claims that result in the realization that materiality is a discursive impact and is produced via the discursive legislations. in brief, her concept of materialization is indistinguishable from performativity. instead of providing a conception of mutual structure, Butler privileges the discursive legislation and signification as effective and the constitutive strength of materiality. hence, Butler’s disruption of the binaries materiality/discourse ends up in the subordination of materiality to discourse, simply as her disruptions of the binaries expressive/performative (and expressive/constative) collapsed expression into performativity. Arguing that materiality can't be concept open air of language, Butler claims that the “body posited as sooner than the signal is often posited or signified as past. This signification produces as an impact of its personal method the very physique that it however and concurrently claims to find as that which precedes its personal motion. ”276 Later in our bodies that topic, Butler reiterates this place, “to posit a materiality outdoors of language remains to be to posit that materiality, and the materiality so posited will maintain the positing as its constitutive . ” right here, Butler argues that language doesn't seek advice from materiality, yet that it constitutes materiality. Butler claims that materiality doesn't 276 Ibid p. 30. 178 collapse into language, yet states “language either is and refers to that that's fabric, and what's fabric by no means absolutely escapes from the method in which it's signified. ”277 basically, Butler is making an attempt to provide a fashion of theorizing materiality and language in a manner that doesn't cave in one into the opposite. “Language and materiality are absolutely embedded in one another, chiasmic of their interdependency, yet by no means totally collapsed onto one another... and but neither ever absolutely exceeds the opposite. ”278 Her dialogue of the materiality of our bodies slips all of sudden right into a dialogue of the materiality of language, of the signal itself. Butler claims that signification has fabric results, and that one such influence is the materialization of our bodies as an influence of language. even though, Butler’s dialogue of the 2 phrases of the binary makes a speciality of language, and fails to account for a way, if in any respect, historic our bodies may represent language, or have an effect on practices of signification. Bodies/materiality stay the results of signification, surfaces of inscription and productions of regulatory legislation being shaped out of prohibitive acts of subjection.

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