Download E-books Historical Dictionary of Feminist Philosophy (Historical Dictionaries of Religions, Philosophies, and Movements Series) PDF

By Catherine Villanueva Gardner

Having merely emerged long ago few a long time, Feminist Philosophy is quickly constructing its personal thrust in parts of specific value to feminism-and ladies extra generally-while additionally reevaluating and reshaping so much different fields of philosophy, from ethics to common sense and Marxism to environmentalism. It attracts not just on feminist philosophers yet criticizes, approves, or appropriates the paintings of the prime philosophers of all times.

The advent to this reference paintings offers an invaluable assessment of the topic zone and the chronology runs the gamut from historical Greek philosophers to modern feminist ones. The cross-referenced dictionary entries hide either the imperative figures and concepts from the ancient culture of philosophy, in addition to principles and theories from modern feminist philosophy, corresponding to epistemology (the philosophy of technology) and subject matters which were brought via the feminist flow itself, like abortion and sexuality. as well as together with entries on Aristotle, Plato, Descartes, Kant, Wollstonecraft, Beauvoir, and Daly, appropriate points of alternative fields of philosophy, the foremost innovations, and triumphing interpretations and conjectures also are coated. A entire bibliography permits extra analyzing.

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In 1972, even if, she joined the women’s liberation circulation, as she now not believed that socialism by myself used to be enough to alter the situation of girls. BEAUVOIR, SIMONE DE • 29 Beauvoir’s paintings used to be ignored until eventually the explosion of feminist idea within the Nineteen Seventies. regardless of her function as a foremother of feminism usually, it used to be now not till the Nineteen Eighties that she turned of curiosity to the specific self-discipline of feminist philosophy. Her paintings has been tested either for its philosophical puzzling over gender, and for its function within the existentialist culture. She additionally initiated a philosophical procedure that was once reproduced by means of a later extra formalized feminist critique of the philosophical canon. even if Beauvoir doesn't direct feedback on the canon specifically, during the moment intercourse she analyses what has been stated approximately girls through canonical philosophers within the context of her major dialogue of women’s state of affairs. Beauvoir’s recognized life-long friendship with Jean-Paul Sartre has affected either the research of her existentialist philosophy and its reception. at first, her philosophical considering within the moment intercourse used to be noticeable as little greater than an software of Sartre’s existentialism, specifically the concept of Being and Nothingness (1943). This interpretation was once bolstered through a couple of statements made by means of Beauvoir herself that this used to be certainly the case. extra lately, feminist philosophers have argued that the connection among Beauvoir and Sartre was once extra advanced, with neither having a fixed function as instructor or originator. the problem of replication used to be an immense contributing issue to Beauvoir’s exclusion from the philosophical canon. by means of the Seventies, Beauvoir used to be hardly pointed out in works on existentialism or French philosophy. despite the fact that, on reflection, it's also transparent that the feminism in her philosophy was once the opposite critical consider the planned exclusion of her paintings from the canon. even if feminist philosophers were drawn to the advent of Beauvoir to the canon, the query of her originality continues to be a challenging factor. this is often extra compounded via the truth that Sartrean existentialism has occasionally been critiqued for the masculinist nature of the best of transcendence, a suggestion that could be a starting place of Beauvoir’s research of women’s within the moment intercourse. Sartrean transcendence is, in impression, transcendence from girls or the feminine physique; hence ladies can in simple terms in achieving transcendence via a psychic rejection in their personal embodiment. certainly, Beauvoir problematically holds that women’s reproductive capacities restrict their capability for transcendence. within the moment intercourse, Beauvoir makes use of Sartre’s notion of the 30 • BEAUVOIR, SIMONE DE ‘‘Other’’ in addition to his proposal of a self that's either a transcending ‘‘authentic’’ self and a fixed immanent self. the previous self is loose, and the following freedom is known by way of a continuous means of self-realization that characterizes this self. This real self is reflective awareness, yet this cognizance is of the unchanging self.

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