Download E-books High Society: The Central Role of Mind-Altering Drugs in History, Science, and Culture PDF

By Mike Jay

An illustrated cultural historical past of drug use from its roots in animal intoxication to its destiny in clothier neurochemicals

• that includes art from the impending excessive Society exhibition on the Wellcome assortment in London, one of many world’s maximum scientific historical past collections

• Explores the jobs medications play in numerous cultures as medicinal drugs, non secular sacraments, prestige symbols, and coveted alternate items

• finds how medications drove the worldwide exchange and cultural alternate that made the trendy global

• Examines the reasons of drug prohibitions a century in the past and the present “war on medicinal drugs”

Every society is a excessive society. each day humans drink espresso on ecu terraces and kava in Pacific villages; chunk betel nut in Indonesian markets and coca leaf on Andean mountainsides; swallow ecstasy drugs within the golf equipment of Amsterdam and opium drugs within the deserts of Rajastan; smoke cannabis in Himalayan temples and tobacco and marijuana in each kingdom on the earth.

Exploring the spectrum of drug use all through history--from its roots in animal intoxication to its destiny in fashion designer neurochemicals--High Society paints vibrant snap shots of the jobs medicinal drugs play in numerous cultures as drugs, spiritual sacraments, prestige symbols, and coveted exchange items. From the botanicals of the classical international during the mind-bending self-experiments of 18th- and 19th-century scientists to the factitious molecules that experience reworked our knowing of the mind, Mike Jay unearths how medicines resembling tobacco, tea, and opium drove the worldwide alternate and cultural alternate that created the trendy global and examines the forces that ended in the prohibition of opium and cocaine a century in the past and the “war on medicines” that rages this present day.

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20–27. bankruptcy 2: From Apothecary to Laboratory what's A Drug? at the starting place of ‘drug’ as a pejorative time period see John Parascandola, ‘The Drug behavior: The organization of the observe ‘drug’ with abuse in American background’ in medications and Narcotics in background, Roy Porter and Mikulás Teich, eds (1995), pp. 156–67. medicines in Antiquity at the position of substances in classical antiquity, see Vivian Nutton, historic drugs (2001); on Dioscorides, John Riddle, Dioscorides on Pharmacy and medication (1985). The Materia medica is released in a variety of smooth scholarly variations; some of the most obtainable is Robert T. Gunther, ed. , The Greek natural of Dioscorides (1934). Renaissance Herbals The early sleek natural is the topic of Agnes Arber’s Herbals: Their foundation and Evolution 1470–1670 (1912) and Frank J. Anderson’s An Illustrated historical past of the Herbals (1977). Witches and Flying Ointments Narcotic vegetation of the outdated global (1979), edited by means of Hedwig Schleiffer, is an invaluable compendium of early texts on nightshades and ‘flying ointments’. as a result of nightshades’ poisonous and amnesiac results, first-person money owed of intoxication are infrequent; a memorable and designated description of smoking henbane seeds seems to be in Gustav Schenk’s The e-book of toxins (1956). the speculation that just like the witch straddling her broomstick represents the labial software of flying ointments originated with Michael J. Harner’s article ‘The function of Hallucinogenic vegetation in eu Witchcraft’, reprinted in his 1973 anthology Hallucinogens and Shamanism, pp. 125–50; and doubtless additionally with Michael Harrison’s The Roots of Witchcraft (1973). For a broader view of witches, Sabbats and flying ointments within the mythologies of the witch craze, see Stuart Clark’s magisterial pondering with Demons: the belief of witchcraft in early sleek Europe (1997) or Brian Levack’s The Witch-hunt in Early smooth Europe (1987). On Andrés de Laguna, see Theodore Rothman, ‘De Laguna’s Commentaries on Hallucinogenic medications in Dioscorides’ Materia medica’, Bulletin of the historical past of medication, forty six (1972), pp. 562–7; and H. Friedenwald, ‘Andrés a Laguna: A pioneer in his perspectives on witchcraft’, Bulletin of the background of drugs 7 (1939), pp. 1037–48. the discovery of Laudanum Philip Ball’s contemporary biography, The Devil’s health professional (2006), is a superb creation to Paracelsus’s profession. at the controversy over his ‘laudanum’, see Henry E. Sigerist, ‘Laudanum within the Works of Paracelsus’, Bulletin of the historical past of drugs nine (1941), pp. 530–544. On Thomas Sydenham, see J. F. Payne, Thomas Sydenham (1900); on Dover, see D. N. Phear, ‘Thomas Dover 1662–1743: health care professional, privateering captain and inventor of Dover’s Powder’, magazine of the historical past of drugs and Allied Sciences nine (1954), pp. 139–56. at the energy of early laudanum arrangements, see J. worthy Estes, ‘John Jones’ Mysteries of Opium printed: Key to ancient opiates’, magazine of the background of drugs and Allied Sciences 34 (1979), pp. 200–9. Linnaeus and the Enlightenment the main obtainable fresh biography of Linnaeus is Wilfrid Blunt’s Linnaeus: The Compleat Naturalist (1971).

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