Download E-books Exemplarity and Chosenness: Rosenzweig and Derrida on the Nation of Philosophy (Cultural Memory in the Present) PDF

By Dana Hollander

Exemplarity and Chosenness is a mixed examine of the philosophies of Jacques Derrida (1930-2004) and Franz Rosenzweig (1886-1929) that explores the query: How may well we account for the potential of philosophy, of universalism in considering, with out denying that every one pondering is additionally idiomatic and specific? The ebook lines Derrida's curiosity during this subject, quite emphasizing his paintings on "philosophical nationality" and his perception that philosophy is challenged in a different method by way of its specific "national" instantiations and that, conversely, discourses invoking a nationality contain a philosophical ambition, a declare to being "exemplary." Taking as its cue Derrida's readings of German-Jewish authors and his ongoing curiosity in questions of Jewishness, this ebook pairs his philosophy with that of Franz Rosenzweig, who constructed a idea of Judaism for which election is key and who understood chosenness in an "exemplarist" feel as constitutive of human individuality in addition to of the Jews' position in common human history.

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As Derrida reminds us (here utilising the differences Roman Jakobson makes in his essay “On Translation”), translation generally understood is a move strictly among languages, each one considered as a solidarity. forty-one this implies, for example, that the “internal” or “intralinguistic” translation efft fected within the apposition “Bavel, Confusion” isn't a translation. It implies that the right kind identify doesn't belong to the language, to any langt guage, during which apparently (Babel, 217/173). “At the very second while saying ‘Babel’ we feel the impossibility of figuring out no matter if this identify belongs, accurately and easily, to 1 tongue [langue]” (Babel, 218/174). And but, no language can do with no right names, expressions that consult with anything in a novel demeanour (Babel, 216/172). a distinct Filiation and a common Language the tale of Babel, once more, is the tale of the multiplication of languages. It asks us to visualize a pre-Babelian kingdom during which there's just one language, and no translation within the right feel. yet this is often an unstabt ble picture, not just since it is key to language that it carry no less than the potential of a number of meanings, and therefore for translation, yet as the tale depicts a those that desire to “make a reputation for themselves,” to Thematizations of Language   ninety five make sure the permanence in their legacy. it really is at this element that we see the lingt guistic not easy that we have got been tracing in a few Derrida’s works turning into a lens during which he starts to discover the matter of universality and particularity in tradition. The construction of the town and the tower is intended to make sure the solidarity and dominance of the only humans and the single language. (Gen. 11:4: “Now they stated: allow us to construct ourselves a urban and a tower, its most sensible within the heavens, and allow us to make ourselves a reputation, lest we be scattered over the face of the entire earth! ”) As Derrida issues out, the people’s objective is hence ambiguous, it really is “to chanced on even as a univt versal tongue and a different family tree” (Babel, 218/174). Can the folks have a (linguistic) id if there's just one language? Derrida implicitly hyperlinks this question with this sort of rhetoric that underlies the ancient cultt tural dominance of the West: The Semites42 are looking to convey the realm to cause, and this cause can symbolize simt multaneously a colonial violence (since they'd therefore universalize their idiom) and a calm transparency of the human group. (Babel 218/174) they need to impose their lip [or language] at the complete universe. Had their entt terprise succeeded, the common tongue might were a selected language imposed by means of violence, by means of strength, via violent hegemony over the remainder of the realm. forty three One may be reminded the following of the universality of cause linked traditt tionally with Greek because the language of philosophy — the challenging we mentioned within the previous bankruptcy in reference to Derrida’s essay “The complement of Copula. ” yet Derrida desires to declare that the type of universality aspired to through the folk of Babel shouldn't have been a common language — for instance within the Leibnizian sense — a obvious language to which every person may have had entry.

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