Download E-books Dictionary of Civil Engineering: English-French PDF
By Jean-Paul Kurtz
I'm happy to offer a piece which marks a milestone within the background of public works and, extra accurately, in that of everlasting structures―a finished dictionary of Civil Engineering phrases. because the starting of time, guy has continually attempted to discover a way to transparent the hindrances which nature erected to displace him. With the 1st tree trunk thrown throughout a river, guy sought to enhance the crossing constitution. After the discovery of the wheel, and to meet his thirst for conquest (Roman ways), and luxury (aqueducts), guy equipped bridges that turned a preremptory necessity to maneuver speedy. therefore, guy began to construct wood and masonry works. With the passing centuries, the developers grew to become masters within the paintings of establishing masonry works. Then got here the economic Revolution and the appearance of the metal (1864), which was once heavily via the discovery of the bolstered concrete (1855). the necessity for railways and enhancing the line community encouraged nice works of crossing resembling viaducts and tunnels. The growth of the railway community and the advance of the automobile required the development of more and more new constructions. This phenomenon maintains at the present time with enormous quantities of buildings equipped every year in the course of the international.
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2. Syn. with glide; SETTLINGS three. a mix of earth and water poured in marshes or ponds to fill or dry them. Syn. with EARTH SUSPENSION ACID CEMENT Ciment acide Hydraulic Binders A product whose hydraulicity index is cohesion 1, akin to aluminous cement, which see. ACID cleansing Dérochage Metallurgy Scouring steel components by way of immersion in an acid tub. Syn. with STRIPPING ACCRETION via ALLUVIUM Accrue Geohydrology Syn. with expanding ACID ROCK Roche acide Geology An endogenous fabric containing greater than sixty five% silica (for instance, granite) and with a pH under 7. gathering Accumulation Geohydrology A deposit of alluvial free fabric produced through traditional erosion via: wind (wind accumulating), water (fluvial or fluviatile accumulating), a volcanic eruption. Syn. with ACCUMULATION ACID SOIL Sol acide Geology A soil whose pH is below 6. five. ACID-RESISTANT PAINT Peinture antiacide portray Syn. with ANTIACID PAINT ACCUMULATION Accumulation Geohydrology Syn. with amassing 6 Dictionary of Civil Engineering motion motion power of fabrics Forces and torques from quite a bit (permanent quite a bit, carrier so much, climatic so much, and so forth. ) and distorsions (thermohygroscopic results, and so forth. ) on a constitution. There are various kinds of motion: unintentional (actions accidentelles) are because of earthquakes, affects, and so on. ; cyclic (actions cycliques) are as a result of temperature adaptations; intermittent (actions intermittentes) are because of climatic rather a lot, prone a lot, and nonpermanent a lot utilized in the course of development. ACLINAL RIVER Aclinal Hydrology A river that flows within the wrong way of the dip of geological strata. ACOUSTIC DETECTOR Détecteur acoustique gear for degree and regulate Syn. with SONIC DETECTOR ACROTERIUM Acrotère development A masonry wall situated above an entablature to hide a roof or a terrace. Syn. with CORNICE. See determine 7 ACTISOL ® method Actisol ® fabrics A bentonite-cement grout within which activated ashes are mixed and is used as an injection to create tight curtains, seal tie rods within the floor, and so forth. It completely withstands competitive waters. ACRYLIC Acrylique Polymers the overall designation of a polymer or copolymer kinfolk of acrylic or methacrylic acids and their by-products. ACTIVATED MORTAR Mortier activé construction fabrics Syn. with COLGROUT; COLLOIDAL GROUT; COLLOIDAL MORTAR ACRYLIC RESIN Résine acrylique Polymers A macromolecular synthesis product within the kind of: gel (water infiltration blockading; those items are composed of resin, catalyst, and accelerating agent); the percentage of environment agent permits to manage the surroundings cost on website; items on the topic of the polyesters kin yet with higher chemical resistance. Syn. with METHYL METHACRYLATE ACTIVATION Activation fabrics Addition of beginning items to a binder, in limited amounts, with the intention to enhance the binder tackiness beside a undeniable classification of aggregates. lively FINES Fines actives development fabrics items with colloidal houses, i. e. , whose floor houses, both as a result of their small measurement, or their electrical cost, are dominant in comparison with the amount.