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By Thomas R. Trautmann
A rare specified handbook on statecraft and the technology of residing by way of considered one of classical India's maximum minds; Kautilya; sometimes called Chanakya and Vishnugupta; wrote the Arthashastra now not later than one hundred fifty advert notwithstanding the date has now not been conclusively demonstrated. Legend has it that he used to be both a Brahmin from Kerala or from north India; although; it really is yes that Kautilya was once the guy who destroyed the Nanda dynasty and put in Chandragupta Maurya because the King of Magadha. A grasp strategist who used to be well-versed within the Vedas and adept at growing intrigues and devising political stratagems; Kautilya's genius is mirrored in his Arthashastra that is the main accomplished treatise of statecraft of classical instances. The textual content includes fifteen books which disguise various issues viz.; the King; an entire code of legislation; overseas coverage; mystery and occult practices etc. The Arthashastra is written in most cases in prose but in addition accommodates 380 shlokas. Artha; actually wealth; is one in every of 4 ultimate goals prescribed by way of Hindu culture. even if; it has a much broader importance and the fabric health of people is simply part of it. in response to this; Kautilya's Arthashastra continues that the kingdom or govt of a rustic has an essential function to play in conserving the fabric prestige of either the kingdom and its humans. accordingly; an important a part of the Arthashastra has to do with the technological know-how of economics. whilst it bargains with the technology of politics; the Arthashastra describes intimately the artwork of presidency in its widest sense-the upkeep of legislation and order as additionally of a good administrative equipment.
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