Download E-books A Portrait of Egypt: A Journey Through the World of Militant Islam PDF
By Mary Anne Weaver
A desirable account of recent existence in Egypt.
It is tough to be impartial approximately Egypt. for hundreds of years it's been the fortress of Islamic studying and proposal, and because the signing of the Egyptian-Israeli Peace Treaty, in 1979, it's been of colossal strategic significance to American pursuits within the center East. yet Egypt can be a rustic in difficulty, because the 1997 bloodbath at Luxor made transparent, torn among outdated worlds and new, unsettled non secular revival and politics.
President Hosni Mubarak, a former jet fighter pilot sworn in after Anwar Sadat's brutal assassination, favors a mundane society. yet Mubarak's govt faces consistent clash with militant clerics comparable to Sheikh Omar Abdel-Rahman, lately sentenced to lifestyles in an American felony after his conviction for seditious conspiracy to salary "a battle of city terrorism opposed to the United States." Mary Anne Weaver argues that an Islamist victory in Egypt is sort of inevitable, and, not like that of Shi'ite Iran, its effect at the Islamic global could be actually profound. Even between students, there's a becoming difficulty that if Egypt "goes Islamic," so may a lot of the Arab international.
Based on interviews with militants and entrance males, best ministers and presidents, Weaver's is an interesting and really good account of the realm of militant Islam.
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Extra info for A Portrait of Egypt: A Journey Through the World of Militant Islam
Through the years, I’ve requested numerous Islamic students, “Is polygamy sanctioned by way of Islam? should still the hand of a thief be severed? ” i've got acquired as many responses as there are faculties of Islamic notion. Islam does permit a guy to take 4 other halves yet, in accordance with the Koran, he needs to deal with them both. while I requested one lately divorced, and previously polygamous, sheikh if this used to be attainable, he answered: “Absolutely now not! ” As to the cruel punishment of getting a hand bring to a halt, in response to all 4 colleges of classical Islamic inspiration, a thief will be forgiven if he has stolen out of desire; amputation for robbery, in accordance with many sleek Islamic thinkers, is justified in simple terms in a wholly egalitarian society. Like Christianity and Judaism, Islam has persisted to conform over the centuries. whilst I visited the places of work of the Muslim Brotherhood within the early months of 1998, Mamoun al-Hudaibi, the movement’s deputy chief, advised me that today’s harsh practices of, for instance, Afghanistan’s ruling Taliban—which have compelled girls out of the place of work, closed ladies’ faculties, banned tune and tv, and stoned adulterers to death—were an egregious distortion of Islam. They have been as a lot anathema to him as they'd were, I’m definite, to Hassan al-Banna and the opposite founders of the Muslim Brotherhood. For it used to be not just al-Banna’s own magnetism and his air of mystery that commanded fierce loyalty, it used to be his doctrine of reclaiming Islam’s happen future: an empire, based within the 7th century, that reached from Spain to Indonesia and whose accomplishments—in philosophical concept, linguistics, algebra, early medication, and chemistry—would shine for one thousand years. The Muslim Brotherhood’s doctrine aimed toward recapturing this. in the course of the moment global warfare, the move became militant. A mystery association in the Brotherhood known as the certain Order used to be shaped. Its recruits swore allegiance to Islam on a revolver and a Koran. one of many interested in the Brotherhood in the course of those early years have been Gamal Abdel Nasser and Anwar Sadat, imprecise younger officials on the time, who met with participants of underground Brotherhood cells to devise assaults opposed to British installations and troops. while Hassan al-Banna used to be imprisoned through the British in the course of the moment global conflict for making touch with brokers of Nazi Germany, one other “radical” additionally stuck up within the roundup used to be Anwar Sadat. whilst the battle ended, the Brotherhood stepped up its crusade, attacking British billets and blowing up cinemas exhibiting Western movies. while the 1st Arab-Israeli struggle happened in Palestine in 1948, it—unlike such a lot Arab governments—sent a firm of well-armed commandos to struggle at the Palestinian aspect. by means of the next yr, besides the fact that, because the Brotherhood’s power and impression persisted to develop, the monarchy in Cairo grew alarmed. King Farouk and his govt cracked down. Hassan al-Banna used to be shot to dying within the streets of Cairo, and hundreds of thousands of his fans have been rounded up and deported to the Western barren region, the place they languished in harsh focus camps.